SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.84 issue1Metabolic alterations in obese patients and its association with the acanthosis nigricansEtiological characterization of the symptomatic Lennox-Gastaut syndrome author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO

Share


Revista Cubana de Pediatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7531

Abstract

SANTIAGO MARTINEZ, Yamileisy et al. Characterization of obese children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2012, vol.84, n.1, pp.11-21. ISSN 0034-7531.

Introduction: the metabolic syndrome is more frequent in children and adolescents with obesity. Objective: to determine some clinical, anthropometry and laboratory features in obese children with metabolic syndrome. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted in 59 obese children and adolescents aged between 2 and 14, selected by randomized sampling of 20 consulting rooms from the "Urbano Noris" municipality, Holguín province seen in April-May, 2010. Variables included: sex, age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference, blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides, glycemia, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, microalbuminuria and the total cholesterol rates/HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol, as well as the presence of a high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus. Variance analysis was used and also the c2 test in SPSS and the significance level of 0.05. Screening was carried out according to the Cuban criteria based on the National Program of Education on the Cholesterol of United States. Results: the frequency of metabolic syndrome was of 55.9 %. These ones had high values of blood pressure, triglycerides, glycemia, LDL-cholesterol and the atherogenic rates and concentrations of high-density lipoproteins lower than the group without metabolic syndrome (n= 26). There was a significant association between the metabolic syndrome and the high blood pressure, but not with the microalbuminuria and diabetes mellitus. There were not gender differences. Conclusions: the diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome is very important in children and adolescents to a better characterization of this stage and it is recommended an intervention based on the changes in the lifestyles.

Keywords : metabolic syndrome; obesity; insulin-resistance; children.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )