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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7531


AMAYA SORTO, Tulio Antonio et al. Cortical renal damage in children with a first infection of the high urinary tract. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2012, vol.84, n.1, pp.58-66. ISSN 0034-7531.

Introduction: between the 5 and the 22 % of children suffering acute pyelonephritis will develop a renal scar. Objective: to describe the clinical-epidemiological features of the cortical renal damage in children with a first infection of high urinary tract. Methods: a longitudinal, prospective and observational study was conducted on the cicatricial renal damage admitted in the Nephrology services of the "William Soler" University Children Hospital from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2009. Fifty patients were diagnosed and 38 fulfilled the inclusion criteria to study. Patients had a mean age of 18 months and underwent renal ultrasound during the acute phase of disease and static renal scintigraphy between 6 and 12 months after the acute picture, to specify exactly the cortical renal injury. In cases of renal scar, lack or decrease of the radioactive drug capture (99mTc-DMSA) authors carried out miction uretrocystography to specify exactly the presence of vesicoureteral reflux. Results: twenty six patients (73.7 %) are females, 17 (44.7 %) aged under 6 months, 17 (44.7 %) have between 6 and 36 months and 4 (10.6 %) > 3 years old. The urinary infection was atypical in 23 (60.5 %) and as a isolated germ the Escherichia coli in 33 (86.8 %). Ultrasound of acute phase demonstrated a renal pelvis dilation in 3 (7.9 %) and renal asymmetry in 1 (2.6 %). In 2 patients (5.2 %) there was renal scar and in 11 (28.4 %) an decreased function of the renal cortex. The miction uretrocystography demonstrated the presence of grade III vesicoureteral reflux in a girl, who also had a renal scar. There was not relation between the onset of symptoms, the onset of therapeutics and the cortical injury. Conclusions: the risk factors to develop a post-pyelonephritis renal scar were: female sex, be aged under 3 and grade III vesicoureteral reflux.

Keywords : high urinary infection; acute pyelonephritis; cortical renal scar; static renal escintigraphy (99mTc-DMSA); vesicoureteral reflux.

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