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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7531


DIAZ GONZALEZ, Jorge Luis et al. Characterization of allergic conjunctivitis in the child. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2014, vol.86, n.1, pp.51-58. ISSN 0034-7531.

Introduction: ocular allergy is a disease that frequently presents in clinical practice in ophthalmology. Objectives: to characterize the pediatric patients with allergic conjunctivitis of the ophthalmological service of "William Soler" hospital. Methods: a prospective, observational and descriptive study was conducted in 2010 and 2011; the universe of study was the patients with presumptive diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis and the sample was made up of 80 patients after the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The analyzed variables were age, sex, race, clinical presentation and associated risk factors. Descriptive statistics (absolute frequencies and percentages) were used. Results: children aged 8 to 13 years (68.8 %) were predominant, followed by those of 3 to 7 years (12.5 %) and 14 to 18 years (1.9 %), males (72.5 %) and Caucasians (71.2 %). The most common clinical type of allergic conjunctivitis was the seasonal and permanent one (38.8 %), followed by the acute one (31.3 %) and the least observed was contact dermatoconjunctivitis (5 %). Exposure to dust was mentioned in 100 % of patients. Conclusions: children aged 8 to 13 years, males and Caucasians prevailed. The most frequent clinical type of allergic conjunctivitis was the seasonal and perennial one and the associated risk factor was exposure to dust.

Keywords : allergic conjunctivitis; characterization; child.

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