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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7531On-line version ISSN 1561-3119


JIMENEZ MARIN, Daniel; LONDONO SALINAS, Ana María; ROJAS JIMENEZ, Sara  and  LOPERA VALLE, Johan Sebastián. Ondine´s curse or idiopathic congenital central hyperventilation syndrome. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2015, vol.87, n.2, pp.247-253. ISSN 0034-7531.

Idiopathic congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, also known as Ondine´s curse, is a rare disease characterized by congenital absence of the central control of breathing and autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Its incidence is estimated to be one per 200,000 births a year. It is an autosomal dominant disease derived from a heterozygous PHOX2B gene mutation, present in 90 % of patients, but its pathophysiological cause has not been elucidated yet. It has a high mortality rate and a lifelong dependency on a life-support device during sleep. However, it could be expected that a coordinated multidisciplinary care, with close monitoring and support, could help this kind of patients to have a relatively normal life. This is the report of a case diagnosed with this disease in Antioquia, Colombia, a place with significant socio-economic limitations that hinder a complete study of this type of low overall prevalence disease.

Keywords : central sleep apnea; polysomnography; artificial respiration; mutation.

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