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Revista Cubana de Pediatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7531On-line version ISSN 1561-3119


POZO LAUZAN, Desiderio Rafael; POZO ALONSO, Albia Josefina  and  SAYU STEWART, José Manuel. Electroencephalogram in the West syndrome and other related clinical entities. Rev Cubana Pediatr [online]. 2015, vol.87, n.3, pp.365-373. ISSN 0034-7531.

A review was made on the encephalographic characteristics of infantile spasms, epileptic spasms, or West syndrome, and other related entities. Emphasis was made on the most frequent patterns, mainly the two types of hypsarrhythmia, classical and periodic, and fragmented, which are observed in this syndrome. Likewise, comments were made on the suppression-burst or burst-suppression tracing and its correlation with Ohtahara, and Aicardi and Goutières syndromes that were described in 1976 and 1978, respectively. It was clarified that these two patterns are not exclusive of these syndromes and may be also observed in other illnesses affecting the neonates such as anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, neonatal bacterial meningitis and metabolic disorders, among others.

Keywords : West syndrome; infantile spasms; epileptic spasms; hypsarrhythmia.

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