Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología
version ISSN 0138-600X
ALEMAN MONDEJA, Linet Diana; ALMANZA MARTINEZ, Caridad and FERNANDEZ LIMIA, Octavio. Diagnosis and prevalence of vaginal infections. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.2, pp. 62-103. ISSN 0138-600X.
The infections of female genital tract are a significant problem of gynecologic and obstetric practice. They are cause of morbidity and of mother and neonatal mortality. Among factors explaining its frequency are: provoked abortion, increase of surgical interventions and sexual transmitted infections. OBJECTIVES:To make the diagnosis and to determine the vaginal infections prevalence in women served in Microbiology Laboratory of "Ramón González Coro" using the NEWVAGIN C-Cure diagnosis kit. METHODS: Authors examined to 150 women aged between 17 and 24 from May to October, 2007. Direct examination, Amsel et al criteria and latex agglutination test were used. RESULTS: Prevalence of study vaginal infections was of 62 % in direct examination and of 58.6 % using the latex agglutination test. The more prevalent vaginal infection was the bacterial vaginosis followed by vaginal candidiasis and vaginal trichomoniasis. The more prevalent age group with these infections was that aged 28-37. More frequent clinical manifestation was the leucorrhea. The early onset of sexual intercourse, the intercourse without protection and the use of contraceptive methods were related to presence of these vaginal infections. CONCLUSIONS: The use of NEWVAGIN C-Kure diagnosis kit for vaginal infections in family consulting room, community polyclinics and Gynecology consultations is very advantageous. Making diagnosis by paramedical staff, its speed and accuracy in prescription of medical treatment are the leading factors to be considered.
Keywords : Bacterial vaginosis; vaginal trichomoniasis; vaginal candidiasis; vaginal infections diagnosis.