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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X


ROBAINA CASTELLANOS, Gerardo Rogelio. Prenatal risk factors of cerebral palsy. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.2, pp. 173-187. ISSN 0138-600X.

It has been considered that the prenatal causes are the main provoking cerebral palsy (CP) in industrial countries. The aim of present paper was to update the prenatal risk factors of CP. The etiology of this entity came from the differentiation among the causal and early indicators risk factors of disease. At the same time, there are known causes, risk factors and causal patterns of CP, these latter are even so not known. Included in prenatal causes of CP are the infections, malformations, ischemic strokes, genetic diseases and metabolic disorders. Many causal patterns of CP have as prenatal origin; however, we must not to overestimate the role of prenatal causes since the current analyses from neuro-imaging and epidemiological studies show that the prenatal causal moment is present in only a third of cases presenting with congenital CP. The determination of CP risk factors is solely a initial approach in creation and/or confirmation of causal hypotheses and its usefulness is limited when the aim is the prevention at population scale. Although many causal risk factors of CP have been determined, still there is a long way for covering in study of its pathogeny.

Keywords : Epidemiology; etiology; cerebral palsy.

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