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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X

Abstract

PRIETO HERRERA, María Eulalia et al. Vaginal sepsis. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.2, pp.162-171. ISSN 0138-600X.

INTRODUCTION: The low-birth weight is one of the major current obstetric problems since it is related to with more than the 75 % of the perinatal mortality. The genital tract infections are associated with many complications including the spontaneous abortion, a high morbidity and mortality, the low-birth weight, postpartum endometritis and the sequelae in surviving neonates. OBJECTIVE: To know the relationship between the low-birth weight and vaginal sepsis in a health area of the East polyclinic of Camagüey municipality from 2007-2009. METHODS: A cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted to know the relationship between the low-birth weight and vaginal sepsis in the above mentioned health area. Universe included 1 151 newborns during the period taking like sample a group of 55 children weighing less than 2 500 g, independently of the gestational age, applying to mothers a questionnaire (previous informed consent) including the following variables: presence of sepsis, type of germen, an premature rupture of membranes and cervical modifications during pregnancy. RESULTS: The 72.72 % of mothers had during any moment of pregnancy vaginal sepsis, the more frequent germ was the Trichomonas vaginalis with the 50.90 %; the remainder 52.5 % although despite the presence of vaginal sepsis had not cervical modifications. CONCLUSIONS: The three quarter of pregnant women had vaginal sepsis, more than half with this type of sepsis also had a premature rupture of membranes.

Keywords : Vaginal sepsis; low birth; premature rupture of membranes.

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