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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X


FRANCO ARGOTE, Osmany; VALLADARES VALLIN, Juventina  and  PEREZ RAMOS, Giselle. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in a health area. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.2, pp.193-203. ISSN 0138-600X.

INTRODUCTION: The cervicouterine cancer is the second malignant neoplasia more frequent in women, whose solution must to be based in implementation of organizing measures, the knowledge of affection epidemiology and the improvement of early detection methods and of treatment. OBJECTIVES: To determine the behavior of risk factors related to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in suburban and rural strata of Santa Cruz del Norte municipality. To identify in case-control groups the behavior of some factors in selected areas. To compare the behavior of factors selected among the suburban and rural strata. METHODS: A analytical study of case-controls was conducted including a sample of 126 women. The study variables were related to this sexual and behavioral sphere and the risk factors by odds ratio and the chi2 test calculus were assessed. RESULTS: Factors related to a history of sexual transmitted infections (OR= 3.1 and 9) and smoking (OR= 6.1 and 7.5) were considered as risk factors for both sexes. The number of sexual partners only was a risk factor for the suburban female population (OR= 4.5). The differences among patients of suburban and rural strata were significant in all factors analyzed except for that related to the "number of labors" (p< 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It was evidenced that the sexual transmission infections and smoking were considered as risk factors for populations of both strata unlike the use of oral contraceptives, age in the first labor, parity and the type of labor. The number of sexual partners only was considered a risk factor for the women from the suburban population.

Keywords : Risk factor; cervical intra epithelial neoplasia; smoking; sexual transmission infections; human papilloma virus.

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