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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X

Abstract

CABALLERO, Dalis Diago; GARCIA VALDES, Roberto  and  SALABARRIA FERNANDEZ, Margarita. Presence of Ascaris lumbricoides in the heart of a pregnant woman. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.2, pp.243-250. ISSN 0138-600X.

The ascaris is the higher nematode to parasitizes the man; it is dioecious helminths (having separate sexes). Its prevalence is due mainly to soil fecal contamination and to survival ability of eggs. The adult Ascaris lumbricoides are located in the small bowel, although some times may be erratic migrations of adult parasites to places like the liver, peritoneum, kidneys, etc. The aim of present paper is to describe the presentation way of intestinal parasitism by Ascaris lumbricoides in a pregnant woman, to update and to inform on the intestinal parasitism, to show the experience in the management of a case of difficult diagnosis and to transmit the knowledges, and to contribute to medical teaching. A bibliographic review on the intestinal parasitism was made, specifically of Ascaris lumbricoides from the existence of a obstetric case carrier of significant cardiovascular manifestations and of a difficult management, thus we made an exhaustive review of medical record of this patient in the two hospitals where she was admitted. A patient with 12 weeks pregnancy to come to consultation due to respiratory and cardiovascular manifestations, the first diagnostic impression was a myocarditis or myocardiopathies. After conclude the pertinent studies she is classified as a Ascaris lumbricoides carrier in right heart and that also it is complicated with a pulmonary thromboembolism. Despite this condition is infrequent nowadays, we must to think about the parasitism like an explanation for some symptomatology of a rare clinical presentation.

Keywords : Ascaris lumbricoides; pregnant; heart.

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