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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X

Abstract

BERDUGO, Jesús et al. Assessment of seminal parameters in three Colombian cities, regional differences. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.2, pp.288-296. ISSN 0138-600X.

INTRODUCTION: Currently there is no study that shows evidence on differences in sperm parameters from Colombian men. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the semen parameters in men from three Colombian cities: Cartagena, Bogotá, and Medellín. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of seminal parameters databases of individuals who attended a reproductive center in Cartagena (n= 337), Bogotá (n= 90) and Medellin (n= 287). The data analysis was performed using a multivariate analysis of variance which allows us to examine several variables. RESULTS: Difference in semen volume between the population from Bogota and Cartagena was significant (p < 0.001). The progressive motility a, and a + b showed statistical difference (< 0.001) among the populations from Medellin and Cartagena respect to Bogota. The concentration was different between individuals from Bogota and Medellin when compared to individuals from Cartagena (p < 0.001); additionaly, a multivariate analysis of variance with orthogonal canonic contrast showed a significant difference in the semen parameters between the populations of Medellín compared to populations from Cartagena and Bogota (p< 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests differences in the seminal parameters between men who consulted a fertility center in Medellin, Bogota, and Cartagena; additionally, this study is the first attempt to the determine seminal parameters in Colombia.

Keywords : Spermatozoa; seminal parameters; fertility; altitude.

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