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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X


VALDES AMADOR, Lemay et al. Valuation of body weight gain in diabetic pregnant. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.1, pp. 56-63. ISSN 0138-600X.

Introduction: traditionally the anthropometric indexes have been used to assess the nutritional status of the pregnant. Objective: to conduct a descriptive-retrospective study to assess the nutritional status of a group of diabetic pregnants. Methods: a total of 1 891 diabetic pregnants was studied, from them 1 211 presenting with gestational diabetes mellitus y 680 with pre-gestational diabetes during 13 years (1994-2006). Information was collected in an Excel sheet processing it in the Microsoft Access 2000 database and p < 0,05 was considered statistically significant. Results: it was noted that the weight gain in the diabetic pregnant was influenced by age, parity and body mass index (BMI) of pregnant and the degree of metabolic control exerted throughout pregnancy with differences in some variables between the pregnants with gestational diabetes mellitus and those with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: according our results and trying to achieve newborn with a normal weight, the pregnant with gestational diabetes mellitus con a optimal metabolic control must to show a weight gain related to its BMI and it will fluctuate between 10 and 12 kg and those with pre-gestational diabetes this increase will fluctuate between 7 and 12 kg.

Keywords : gestational diabetes; pre-gestational diabetes; weight gain.

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