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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X


GARCIA MIRAS, Ramón et al. Maternal-perinatal outcome of patients with pre-eclampsia. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.4, pp. 467-477. ISSN 0138-600X.

Introduction: pre-eclampsia is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. In Cuba, an incidence of 5-10 % was found and it is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity. Objective: to characterize the behavior of maternal-perinatal outcome in patients with pre-eclampsia. Methods: an observational study of cases and controls was conducted from January 1st. January 2008 to 31 December 2009, at Eusebio Hernández OB/GYN Hospital in Havana. We considered as cases, 172 patients with previous diagnosis of pre-eclampsia and as controls, 7916 patients who did not have this diagnosis. Results: most of the pregnant women were included in the age range 20-34 years. The most frequent risk factors observed in patients with pre-eclampsia was nulliparity (82.5 %) and extreme maternal age (26.7 %). Cesarean section was used more frequently in pre-eclamptic patients (59.3 %), also the likelihood of having preterm labor was 5.5 times more in these patients. Conclusions: the likelihood of developing eclampsia was almost 21 times less in patients with pre-eclampsia, who used magnesium sulfate. The most common perinatal and maternal complications were severe pre-eclampsia, retroplacental hematoma, weighing bellow 1 500 g, and hyaline membrane disease in the newborn.

Keywords : pre-eclampsia; risk factors; magnesium sulfate; maternal-perinatal outcome.

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