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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X


CRESPO SURI, Maydelín; TRIANA CASADO, Idalia; FERNANDEZ KARELL, Eric  and  CABRERA CANTELAR, Nereyda. Characterization of bacterial vaginosis in Haitian women. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.4, pp. 538-548. ISSN 0138-600X.

Introduction: vaginal discharge is one of the most frequent reasons for consultation in a Gynecology and bacterial vaginosis isone of its main causes. Objective: to characterize the bacterial vaginosis in Haitian women. Methods: an epidemiological, observational, descriptive and transversal study was conducted at Fort Michelle Hospital inHaiti, from the first half of 2009. The universe of this study was 230 women older than 20 years with vaginal discharge. We selected a sample of 65 patients that were positive for the disease after it was applied the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: 41.7 % of this study universe was positive of infection. The most common risk factors were promiscuity, early onset of sexual intercourse, none condom use and singleness. Regarding the etiology of vaginal infection, bacterial vaginosis prevailed (67.7 %), 46.1 % of the patients aged 20-30 years, 69.2 % had no marital stability, 81.5 % had their first sexual intercourse earlier than age 21, 53.8 % did not use any protection, 61.5% reported promiscuity, and 84.6 % had some form of gynecological history, with a predominance of chronic pelvic inflammation (30.8 %). 46.2 % reported various symptoms, mostly colporrhagia as an isolated symptom (24.6 %). Conclusions: there was a high incidence of bacterial vaginosis among patients with vaginal infection and prevalence of known risk factors.

Keywords : characterization; vaginosis; bacterial; women; Haitian women.

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