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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Print version ISSN 0138-600X


MOYA TONEUT, Carlos et al. Behavior of ectopic pregnancy. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2013, vol.39, n.3, pp. 236-248. ISSN 0138-600X.

Introduction: ectopic pregnancy (EP) is the implementation of the conception product outside the endometrial cavity. Objective: to describe the behavior of ectopic pregnancy in Mártires del 9 de Abril University Hospital in Sagua la Grande from 2008 to 2011. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. The sample was made up by 140 patients out of all patients received at Gynecology service at the designated time period with confirmed diagnosis of EP. Statistical records and clinical histories were reviewed, and a model for recording information was used. Results: there is a high incidence of EE at ages ranging 20-39 years, with previous deliveries in urban areas. EIP was the main predisposing factor; the most significant symptoms were amenorrhea, pain in lower abdomen and genital bleeding. The diagnosis was mainly clinical. The most common location was tubal. Salpingectomy was the most common surgical procedure. There were no maternal deaths. Anemia and hypovolemic shock were the most common complications. Hospital stay was less than three days. Conclusions: in Sagua la Grande municipality, the incidence of ectopic pregnancy has increased from 2008 to 2011 and there is no reported maternal death from this cause in that period. Seve out of the women were clinically diagnosed. Almost a fifth of women with ectopic pregnancy were middle-aged and eight out of 100 were adolescents, younger than 20 years.

Keywords : ectopic pregnancy; maternal health.

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