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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

On-line version ISSN 1561-3062


ALVAREZ PONCE, Vivian Asunción et al. Acute pulmonary edema in a pregnant woman. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2015, vol.41, n.1, pp. 65-70. ISSN 1561-3062.

Acute pulmonary edema is the accumulation of fluid in the alveoli that prevents normal oxygenation of the blood and causes tissue hypoxia. This is a medical emergency that should be promptly identified and treated to avoid high maternal and perinatal mortality. The issue was presented in order to describe the features of a case of acute lung edema in a pregnant woman, who was treated at the Gynecobstetric Teaching Hospital in Guanabacoa from February 2014 and her subsequent evolution. The 39-year-old woman, with no personal medical history and with G5P1A3 obstetric history, began to have high blood pressure at 36 weeks and she came to the emergency room due to headache and hypertension. Eventually she started with dyspnea, cough, and frothy expectoration. Acute lung edema was diagnosed. Medical treatment and pregnancy termination by caesarean section was applied, resulting in a 2100g newborn with Apgar 9-9. This patient´s evolution was satisfactory and the newborn, although underweight, evolved satisfactory. Acute pulmonary edema is an obstetric complication which we should always keep in mind.

Keywords : acute pulmonary edema; tissue hypoxia; crackles; preeclampsia- eclampsia.

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