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Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología

On-line version ISSN 1561-3062


RODRIGUEZ VAZQUEZ, Belkys  and  ALVAREZ PONCE, Vivian A. Concurrent Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hematoma with Uterine Atony Post Cesarean. Rev Cubana Obstet Ginecol [online]. 2017, vol.43, n.4, pp. 69-76. ISSN 1561-3062.

Spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma during pregnancy is an uncommon complication defined as bleeding in the retroperitoneal space that occurs without a history of recent trauma, anticoagulant treatment or vascular disease. The objective of this study is to present an unusual case in which the retroperitoneal hematoma coexisted in a patient with uterine atony. A 21 year old pregnant woman of 39 weeks who went to the Emergency Room at Guanabacoa Gynecobstetric Hospital in November 2016, due to abdominal pain. The patient is admitted to perinatal care. Complementary studies and physical examination were normal, including cardiotocography. Four hours later, she suffered back pain, which was detected on palpation in the right posterior intercostal region without any other finding or hemodynamic changes. There were no uterine dynamics and fetal frequency was 140 beats / minute. Two hours later, this patient presented a "seizure," according to her family member that was not observed by medical or nursing staff. There was no loss of consciousness and her vital signs were normal. A fetal bradycardia is verified that motivates the indication of emergency caesarean section. Hemoglobin decreased to 70 g / L. Volume was replaced and an Apgar 1-3 neonate was extracted. There was uterine atony that did not yield to drug treatment and massage. The B-Lynch technique was performed for the hemostasis that was achieved. A non-active retroperitoneal hematoma was found from the superior border of the liver to the right flank. The patient was hemodynamically stabilized. The neonate died at 72 hours. The diagnosis and early treatment of retroperitoneal hematoma help to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality.

Keywords : spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma; uterine atony; B-Lynch hemostatic technique.

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