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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

Print version ISSN 0138-6557


ESCOBAR ALFONSO, Vladimir; ZALDIVAR GARIT, Miguel; RODRIGUEZ DE LA ROSA, Graciela  and  CABRERA CORDOVES, Josefina Cecilia. Prevailing risk factors in hospitalized patients with cerebrovascular disease. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2014, vol.43, n.4, pp.433-440. ISSN 0138-6557.

Introduction: cerebrovascular diseases are presently one of the most important health problems not only in Cuba but in the developed countries as well. It holds the second place in the list of causes of permanent disability and of death in adults, just preceded by cancer and cardiovascular diseases, which determines its medical, economic and social relevance due to the cost of rehabilitation and of care that patients having significant neurological damage require. Objective: to characterize the prevailing risk factors in hospitalized patients with cerebrovascular disease. Methods: longitudinal and descriptive study of a sample of 144 patients with cerebrovascular disease, who were admitted to the emergency service of "Dr Octavio de la Concepcion y de la Pedraja" teaching, clinical and surgical hospital from January through December, 2012. A survey was conducted to explore different variables and the collected data were manually coded. Results: the predominant type of cerebrovascular disease was subararachnoid hemorrhage followed by brain hemorrhage. The most frequently modifiable risk factors were blood hypertension and diabetes mellitus. It was observed that the control of risk factors was poor at the primary health care setting. Conclusions: the risk factors mainly associated to cerebrovascular disease were blood hypertension and advanced age, followed by tabaquismo and diabetes mellitus, in correspondence with a deficient control of these illnesses.

Keywords : cerebrovascular disease; brain ictus; risk factors.

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