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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

Print version ISSN 0138-6557


RAMOS RIOS, María Antonia et al. Incidence of serological markers in blood donors. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2014, vol.43, n.4, pp.441-448. ISSN 0138-6557.

Introduction: the transmission of infectious diseases through blood transfusions has been a problem of great importance for many years. For this reason it is necessary to increase safety of blood and its components in every donation. Objective: to characterize the blood donors, positive to infectious diseases. Methods: observational cross-sectional study of 989 donors, who went to the blood bank of "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay" central military hospital from January to March, 2014. The ultramicroanalytical technology known as SUMA and the agglutination method were used to determine the serological markers. Results: the incidence was as follows: HBAgs 1 %, HCV 2.3 %, HIV 3.4 % and VDRL 2.3 %. These figures accounted for the highest positivity index obtained in February and March. The positive cases were fundamentally men. Most of the seropositive cases were young people aged 18 to 28 years. Conclusions: the incidence of the serological markers showed an increasing tendency in the analyzed period. The younger blood donors of the male sex showed bigger seropositivity

Keywords : incidence; serological markers; blood donors.

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