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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

Print version ISSN 0138-6557


GONZALEZ SOTOLONGO, Odalys; ARPA GAMEZ, Ángel  and  HERNANDEZ SIERRA, Yuney. Influence of the metabolic syndrome on the progress of patients admitted to the Internal Medicine wards. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2014, vol.43, n.4, pp.449-458. ISSN 0138-6557.

Introduction: the metabolic syndrome is related to several clinical disturbances and may cause complications hindering the recovery at hospital of patients with this disease. Objective: to determine the influence of the metabolic syndrome on the recovery of patients admitted to the internal medicine wards. Methods: cohort study performed from September 2011 through September 2012. The study group comprised 51 patients with the syndrome and 51 patients without this disease, all of them from the internal medicine wards of "Dr Luis Diaz Soto" central military hospital. The study measured demographic, clinical and humoral variables in addition to length of stay at hospital, complications during the hospitalization and the number of drugs used in treatment. The variables from the two groups were then compared through Student's t test and Chi-square test. The relative risk of the syndrome for occurrence of complications was then estimated. Results: the patients suffering the metabolic syndrome showed a higher number of complications than the control group (37.3 % vs. 9.8 %). The relative risk was 5.46 for 95 % confidence interval (1.8-16.1). The hospital stay of the complicated patients in the study group was 18.2 days, which exceeded that of the non-complicated cases with 13.1 days (p< 0.05). The group of patients with the metabolic syndrome used 5.1 drugs/patient as average whereas the control group took just 3.3 drugs/patient. Conclusions: the metabolic syndrome causes more complications, so it requires a higher number of drugs leading to longer stay at hospital.

Keywords : metabolic syndrome; hospitalization.

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