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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

Print version ISSN 0138-6557


RODRIGUEZ COLLAR, Tomás Lázaro. Spermatic cord and scrotal tunica tumors. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2014, vol.43, n.4, pp.481-498. ISSN 0138-6557.

Among the paratesticular tumors, the spermatic cord and the scrotal tunica tumors are the most frequent and benign. This paper updated this topic, making emphasis in diagnosis and treatment issues. A literature search was made in books and in Hinari, PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS databases and in Goggle in the period of 2009 through 2013. The MeSH terms in English and Spanish were used: paratesticular tumors, intrascrotal tumors, spermatic cord tumors and scrotal tunica tumors. From the clinical viewpoint, it is fundamental to make the differential diagnosis with the inguinal hernia and hydrocele. The US testing is the imaging study of choice for initial assessment, although its lack of specificity makes specialists to resort to computer axial tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance to have more details of the case. For the purpose of reaching a precise diagnosis, the transoperative freezing biopsy through inguinotomy was recommended. The fine needle aspiration cytology is a reliable option to classify them if the case is suspected of benignancy preoperatively. It is possible to perform tumorectomy in the benign tumors, thus avoiding radical orchiectomy with upper ligature of the spermatic cord, which is the indicated approach to the malignant ones. Once the histological diagnosis and the staging are confirmed, the management should be oncological and urological in order to decide whether the adjuvant treatments are convenient or not. The malignant tumors recurred very frequently and sometimes in later phases, so these patients must be strictly followed-up for a long time.

Keywords : paratesticular tumors; intrascrotal tumors; spermatic cord tumors; scrotal tunica tumors; fine needle aspiration cytology; exploratory inguinotomy; transoperative freezing biopsy.

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