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Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar

Print version ISSN 0138-6557On-line version ISSN 1561-3046


CONTRERAS OLIVE, Yanetsi; MIRANDA GOMEZ, Osvaldo  and  TORRES LIO-COO, Vladimir. Anxiety and depression in patients addicted to psychoactive substances. Rev Cub Med Mil [online]. 2020, vol.49, n.1, e492.  Epub Mar 01, 2020. ISSN 0138-6557.


Addictions affect mental health by involving the altered functioning of several brain circuits, which translates into multiple cognitive, emotional and behavioral disorders.


To identify depressive and anxious symptomatology in a group of patients addicted to psychoactive substances, in cessation.


A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out, with patients in cessation, during the year 2017, at the Hospital Militar Central "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay". The universe consisted of 88 patients aged between 18 and 65 years. Trait - state anxiety (IDARE) inventories and trait - state depression (IDERE) inventory were applied.


Of the patients studied, 21 male and 9 female, had high depression, moderate 18 male and 2 female and 21 male with low depression. Those who presented higher levels of anxiety were those of the male sex, of the age group of 41 to 50 years and with secondary school level.


In the present investigation it was possible to confirm that the patients presented both anxious and depressive alterations, and the time of consumption was related to the intensity of the symptomatology. The greater the intensity of affective symptoms, the greater the likelihood of consumption.

Keywords : drugs; depression; anxiety, addiction.

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