SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.61 issue3Biological properties of Venezuelan DENV-2 isolated from patients with Dengue Fever and Dengue Hemorraghic FeverAntigenicity and immunogenicity of inactivated Vibrio cholerae 01 El Tor Inaba author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO

Share


Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 0375-0760On-line version ISSN 1561-3054

Abstract

DIAZ TORRES, Héctor M. et al. Seroepidemiological follow-up of sexual partners of HTLV-I seropositive individuals in Cuba. Rev Cubana Med Trop [online]. 2009, vol.61, n.3, pp.269-274. ISSN 0375-0760.

INTRODUCTION: the Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus type I (HTLV-I) is considered to be endemic in the Caribbean area, with rates of seroprevalence from 3 to 6 %. Its routes of transmission are sexual, vertical and parenteral. It also circulates in Cuba, though seroprevalence is much lower. Heterosexual transmission is a frequently reported way of contagion. OBJECTIVES: to determine HTLV-I seroprevalence in the sexual partners of HTLV-I infected individuals and also to assess important epidemiological factors that could have an impact on the transmission. METHODS: a prospective sero epidemiological follow-up study was conducted with the sexual partners of the HTLV-I infected individuals who were identified by the National Program of STD/HIV/aids. After counseling sessions and well-informed consent, an epidemiological survey was designed using data from the sexual partners and their serological follow up. Diagnosis was based on the ELISA and Western Blot DAVIH HTLV-I and DAVIH BLOT HTLV-I systems, and the statistical processing used EPIDAT program. RESULTS: seropositivity of the sexual partners was significantly higher in men than in women (53.3% vs. 9.09%, p< 0.05). The average time of exposure of the positive and negative partners of men and women did not show significant difference. CONCLUSION: the results revealed greater efficiency in the transmission of HTLV-I from men to women and also evinced its presence in Cuba as sexually-transmitted disease. The authors believe that this information should be used during the counseling service.

Keywords : HTLV-I; sexual transmission; seroprevalence.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License