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Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 0375-0760On-line version ISSN 1561-3054

Abstract

FERNANDEZ CASTILLO, Sonsire et al. Antigenicity and immunogenicity of inactivated Vibrio cholerae 01 El Tor Inaba. Rev Cubana Med Trop [online]. 2009, vol.61, n.3, pp.275-281. ISSN 0375-0760.

INTRODUCTION: cholera continues being a serius health problem, mainly in the poorest areas. Most of the isolations worldwide belong to Vibrio cholerae O1 biotype El Tor serotype Ogawa, although there have been reported outbreaks caused by serotype Inaba, that is why it is recommended that an effective vaccine against the illness should contain cells or antigens of both serotypes. OBJECTIVE: to describe the characteristics of the strain C6706 of V. cholerae O1 El Tor Inaba as a likely strain for the obtaining of inactivated vaccines for cholera. METHODS: a criopreserved working culture batch was made up at - 70 oC to evaluate identity, purity and viability. The strain was cultured in tryptone soy broth and was inactivated at 56º C for 20 minutes. Antigenicity of this preparation was tested by Western Blot and ELISA inhibition test. Immunogenicity in adult rabbits, inoculated intraduodenally, was determined by means of kinetics of vibriocidal antibodies. RESULTS: the working culture batch kept their identity, purity and viability during 18 months of study. The results confirmed the presence of relevant antigens as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin (MSHA) and outer membrane protein U (OmpU) in the suspension of inactivated V. cholerae O1 cells, but not cholera toxin subunits (CTA, CTB) or toxin-coregulated pili (TCP).On the other hand, vibriocidal titers were found in rabbit sera, which were similar to those previously reported for the live V. cholerae O1 strain 638, an attenuated oral vaccinal candidate CONCLUSIONS: the V. cholerae O1 El Tor Inaba C6706 strain showed cultural, antigenic and immunogenic characteristics that allow us to consider it as a possible strain for the obtaining of inactivated vaccines for cholera.

Keywords : Vibrio cholerae; inactivation; antigenicity; immunogenicity; Inaba.

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