Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1561-3054
POLO LEAL, Jorge Luis et al. Cyptococcus gattii isolated from a cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) in the National Zoo of Cuba. Rev Cubana Med Trop [online]. 2010, vol.62, n.3, pp. 257-260. ISSN 1561-3054.
INTRODUCTION: Cryptoccosis systemic mycosis caused by Cryptococcus species- has considerably raised its incidence in the last years, mainly associated with the human immunodeficiency virus infection. It has also been described in animals, but rare cases. METHODS: a case of a female cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) kept in the Nacional Zoo of Havana was presented. The animal came from South Africa. She began losing weight, and suffering asthenia, anorexia and breathing problems with abundant nasal secretion. RESULTS: mycological testing of these secretions disclosed the presence of serotype B Cryptococcus gattii. Because of the origin and captive condition of the animal, it was believed that the infection had been latent for 16 months at least. CONCLUSIONS: up to the present, in Cuba, all clinical Cryptococcus isolates were C. neoformans var. grubii, so it is considered that the infection was caught in the country of origin of the female cheetah. This is the first C. gattii isolate in Cuba from an animal coming from South Africa where this fungus is endemic.
Keywords : Cryptococcus gattii; Acinonyx jubatus; cheetah; cryptococcosis; Cuba.