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Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia

On-line version ISSN 1561-2996


ALFONSO VALDES, María Elena  and  BENCOMO HERNANDEZ, Antonio. Transfusional medicine and immunohematology: contributions in five decades of work. Rev Cubana Hematol Inmunol Hemoter [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.1, pp. 1-13. ISSN 1561-2996.

The development of Transfusion Medicine and Immunohematology at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology in these five decades has been characterized by relevant achievements such as the introduction of more sensitive methods to optimize the immunohematological diagnosis such as immunoenzymatic assays, flow cytometry and techniques of immobilization of erythrocyte and platelet antigens by specific monoclonal antibodies (MAIEA and MAIPA, respectively); deepening the study of immune cytopenias; screening for infectious agents in blood donors and polytransfused patients; the production and distribution of polyclonal and monoclonal hemoclastic antibodies, the national reference work of Immunohematology Laboratory; contributions to the National Blood Program such as the preparation and distribution of clinical guidelines for the use of blood and procedures for blood banks and transfusion services; the development of therapeutic apheresis methods; the development of multicentric investigations in Transfusional Medicine; the procurement and processing of hematopoietic stem cells from bone marrow and peripheral blood for use in hematopoietic transplantation and cell therapy; the training and updating of professionals and technicians in Transfusion Medicine, both in Cuba and in other countries of Latin America and the organization of workshops, events and national and international exchanges in these branches. The work projections are aimed at introducing molecular techniques in Immunohematology to achieve a better characterization of the antibodies against blood cells, to deep the study of the antibodies against leukocytes and platelets, to contribute to the development of a national haemovigilance program, to create a bank of umbilical cord progenitor cells for therapeutic use and initiate master's and doctoral programs in Transfusion Medicine.

Keywords : transfusion medicine; immunohematology; hematopoietic stem cells; erythrocyte antibodies; platelet antibodies.

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