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Revista Cubana de Enfermería

Print version ISSN 0864-0319


GONZALEZ SANTIESTEBAN, Aime; SANCHEZ GONZALEZ, Pablo  and  CASTILLO NUNEZ, Johanna. Incidence of cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescent presenting with essential high blood pressure in Artemisa province. Rev Cubana Enfermer [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.2, pp.151-158. ISSN 0864-0319.

The high blood pressure in the adult is related to presence of risk factors of cardiovascular disease and it start in childhood often in a symptomatic way, thus authors carried out the present research because it is important to diagnose the risk factors more related to hypertension in the child. To determine the cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents of both sexes aged between 5 and 18. Patients were seen in the Pediatric Cardiology Consultation of the Artemisa province from January, 2006 to January, 2010. Variables included: age, sex, weight, height, birth weight, physical exercise, active and passive smoking and also the personal and family backgrounds of high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia and obesity. There was a great frequency in male sex, as well as in the age group from 10 to 18. With regard to the family backgrounds the high blood pressure appears as the more frequent cardiovascular risk factor. There was predominance of excess body weight and a sedentary life as risk factors.

Keywords : High blood pressure; risk factors.

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