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Pastos y Forrajes

Print version ISSN 0864-0394On-line version ISSN 2078-8452


MACHADO, Hilda et al. Planning on farm, a tool for the development of sustainable agriculture. Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2015, vol.38, n.3, pp.195-201. ISSN 0864-0394.

A study was conducted in 25 farms of the Perico, Martí, Colón and Jagüey Grande municipalities (Matanzas province, Cuba), in order to elaborate the farm plans applying a methodology for such purpose. A guide was prepared from the methodology proposed by Palma and Cruz (2010), modified according to the Cuban context, and several facilitators were trained who worked with farmer groups, for which in the elaboration of the plans the knowledge of the people with more experience was utilized. Researchers and professors of municipal university centers, research centers and agricultural teaching centers participated in the study. At the end of the workshops, the plans were revised by the whole group. The main limitations found were: food insufficiency, inaccessibility to water, existence of animals with low productive potential, lack of grazing paddocks, little diversity of pastures and deforestation. The elaboration of the plans through this methodology facilitated an exercise of collective reflection, from which the aspects that should be solved in the transformation of the farms were determined, with the support of the tacit knowledge of the farmers with more experience and that of the specialists. In addition, it was proven that the farm plan can serve to define and/or to adequate intervention strategies.

Keywords : Farmers; development plans.

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