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Pastos y Forrajes

Print version ISSN 0864-0394On-line version ISSN 2078-8452

Abstract

DELGADO-FERNANDEZ, Randolph. Characterization of goat production systems in the Ciego de Ávila province . Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2016, vol.39, n.1, pp.64-71. ISSN 0864-0394.

During the period of January-May, 2015, the goat production systems were characterized in all the municipalities of the Ciego de Ávila province. Two hundred and fifteen goat raisers, private as well as state ones, were visited and semi-structured surveys were applied, at farm level and in their respective productive bases. The total animals of the surveyed raisers was 25 735, which is equivalent to 86 % of the stock in the province. The Baraguá municipality stood out as the one with the highest quantity of heads (8 206), followed by the Majagua municipality (5 233 animals), which have 44,9 % of the total stock of the province. The average age of the raisers was lower than 60 years in more than 90 % of the respondents, and the high school or technical level prevailed, which is adequate if the training process about the goat species should be assimilated. In general, the crossbred or creole genotypes prevailed, although the Nubia breed prevailed in Baraguá and the Alpine crossbreed, introduced in previous years, predominated in the Primero de Enero and Majagua municipalities. The weight at slaughter was optimum in Baraguá, Florencia, Majagua and Venezuela (22-25 kg for six-month-old bucks), and the worst situation was observed in Morón with a much lower weight. The characterization made allowed to identify the insufficient attention received by the farmers linked to goat raising, extensive grazing systems on natural covers and little use of other alternative feeding sources, the technical-constructive deficiencies of the facilities, the parasite control, the scarce treatment of wastes before being used, and the limited technical orientation and training provided by the responsible entities of the territory.

Keywords : animal production; diagnosis; goat.

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