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Pastos y Forrajes

Print version ISSN 0864-0394On-line version ISSN 2078-8452


MILIAN-GARCIA, Idolkys et al. Study of biodiversity components in the agroecological farm La Paulina, Perico municipality, Cuba. Pastos y Forrajes [online]. 2018, vol.41, n.1, pp.50-55. ISSN 0864-0394.

In order to evaluate the components of biodiversity a study was conducted in the farm La Paulina, located in the Perico municipality Matanzas province, Cuba, which has an area of 26,84 ha dedicated to the production of food crops and fruits, as well as milk production. The functionality of biodiversity was evaluated, from the analysis of the components: tree diversity, production diversity and species richness. Through a diagnosis, the number of individuals of each species, which were characterized according to their functionality within the system, was quantified. The information was captured through semi-structured interviews, participatory observation and surveys. Shannon index was calculated for the components tree diversity (1,7) and production diversity (3,32), and Margalef index was used for species richness (5,03). The value of Margalef index confirmed that the system can be considered of high species richness. The characterization and inventory of biodiversity in the farm La Paulina showed the functionality of this agroecosystem, represented by diversification and agriculture-animal husbandry integration; this proved a directly proportional relation between species richness and production diversity.

Keywords : trees; diagnosis; diversification.

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