Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral
On-line version ISSN 1561-3038
LEON MARTINEZ, Ernesto; ROMERO SANCHEZ, María del Carmen; FERRER HERRERA, Ismael and FATJO CRUZ, María. Pesquisaje de lesiones premalignas y malignas en la cavidad bucal. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 1996, vol.12, n.3, pp. 216-221. ISSN 1561-3038.
A transversal study was carried out to know the prevalence of premalignant and malignant lesions of the oral cavity in the adult population receiving medical care at an urban family phycian's office. The screening included physical examination and a survey prepared to that purpose. It was obtained a prevalence of 1,47 %, with a predominance in the age group of 65 years and over (37,5 %) and in the male sex at a proportion of 2:1. Smoking, coffee ingestion, and hot food consumption were present in 100 % of the patients. Beverages ingestion was found in 75 % of the patients, and the use of maladjusted dental prostheses in 50 %. The premalignant lesions were detected in the followsing order: leukoplasias, nevus and erythroplasias. Among the malignant lesions, the epidermoid aarcinoma was the most common. The progress of the Programme for Early Detection of oral Cancer is considered as unsatisfactory
Keywords : PRECANCEROUS CONDITIONS [epidemiology]; MOUTH NEOPLASMS [epidemiology]; CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES; PHYSICIANS FAMILY; RISK FACTORS.