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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038


DIAZ TABARES, Orlando; SANTANDER GUZMAN, Teresita J  and  SOLER QUINTANA, Martha L. Incapacidad laboral total. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 1997, vol.13, n.2, pp.127-132. ISSN 0864-2125.

A longitudinal, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted in order to know the behavior of permanent labor disability at the municipality of San Cristóbal during 1982-1991. A survey was done to collect data taken from the official model of medical inspections and from the interview with the disabled worker. The results were shown in contingency tables where the variables are related by every year studied. The chi square statistical test was applied. The number of individuals with labor disability was 693. As for reports, the year 1988 predominated with 114. There was a discreet prevalence of females over males. The highest amount of cases was found in the age group from 45 to 54 years. As regards diseases, arthrosis was the most assessed by orthopedics with significant statistical analyses. The predominances of systemic arterial hypertension among the affections evaluated by the speciality of internal medicine as causes of labor disability was not statistically remarkable. The variation of the number of persons considered as disabled by the commission each year was highly representative. The percentage of those who had jobs demanding from moderate to intense physical effort at the time the survey was applied ascended to 64.9.

Keywords : MEDICAL INSPECTION; DISABLED [statistics and numerical data]; SPECIALITIES, MEDICAL; DISEASE.

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