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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038

Abstract

HERNANDEZ CISNEROS, Freddie; NICOLAES HERNANDEZ, María G; CASTELLANOS MORELL, Lorelay  and  MARTINEZ BRUNET, Diana. Trastornos de la comunicación oral: Pesquisaje en niños de centros educacionales. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 1999, vol.15, n.5, pp.532-535. ISSN 0864-2125.

A cross-sectional study was conducted aimed at screening the presence of oral communication disorders among 160 children selected at random at two educational centers served by the "Julio A. Mella" Polyclinic, in the City of Camagüey, from March to June, 1993. These children and their parents filled out two survey forms, where a series of selected date were collected and used later to have the history of each child. All this information was processed by computer. The most important results were the following: a general prevalence of 53 %, a predominance of females of 56.25 %, positive prenatal history in 15 %, perinatal in 13.12 % and postnatal in 15.6 %, with a statistical significance in all of them of p < 0.05. It was concluded that these affections are a serious health problem and it was analyzed the repercussion of the risk factors in its genesis.

Keywords : SPEECH DISORDERS [epidemiology].

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