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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038

Abstract

LOPEZ ESPINOSA, Guillermo; YERAS ALOS, Isis; CARRAZANA MADRIGAL, Milagros  and  ROBAINA AGUIRRE, Caristina. Función ventilatoria en obreros expuestos al polvo de zeolita. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2000, vol.16, n.4, pp.329-334. ISSN 0864-2125.

The present descriptive and prospective study was conducted in "Tasajeras" Zeolite Mine-Plant, located in the municipality of Ranchuelo, province of Villa Clara, from September, 1998, to September, 1999, aimed at evaluating the ventilatory function in a group of workers exposed to zeolite dust. 37 workers with 2 or more years in the center answered a questionnarie. 2 sperimotric studies were carried out with a one-year interval. The information was analyzed and the results were the following: the number of patients undergoing the pathological ventilatory functional test was increased from 16, in 1998, to 24, in 1999. 64.8% of those with spirometric affectation have been exposed between 6 and 10 years to zeolite dust and 58.3% are smokers. The obstructive spirographic pattern prevailed (56.8%). A reduction of the forced expiratory flow to 25% (Vmax 25/H/L/T) was observed in 62.1% of the studied individuals

Keywords : POWDERS [adverse effects]; SPIROMETRY [methods]; OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES; RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES [diagnosis].

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