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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038


PEREZ GUIRADO, Nora María; PRESNO LABRADOR, Clarivel  and  SARMIENTO BROOKS, Gil. Some risk factors associated with the low birth weight  infant. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.3-4. ISSN 0864-2125.

An observational analytical case and control study was conducted among all women from the health area of "Bernardo Posse" Teaching Polyclinic, in the municipality of San Miguel del Padrón, that had children with a weight under 2 500 g between 1995 and 2004 (study group). A control group composed of women with newborns with a weight equal to or over 2 500 g was selected at random. Statistical tests, such as Chi square test and the confidence interval of the relative risk of every factor, were applied to determine the relative risk. It was proved in this research that age over 35, anemia, urosepsis, arterial hypertension and the cervical modifications are, among others, the antecedents and risks that influenced the most on this indicator in our health area. It was also observed the incidence of the nutritional problems related to the total gain of weight under 8 kg, the nutritional assessment of low weight and the history of low birth weight infant.

Keywords : Infant; low birth weight; risk factors; primary health care; preventive medicine.

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