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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038


PEREZ GUIRADO, Nora María; PRESNO LABRADOR, Clarivel  and  SARMIENTO BROOKS, Gil. Low birth weight infant: Some epidemiological considerations. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.5-6. ISSN 0864-2125.

An observational, analytical case-control study of all women from the health area of “Bernardo Posee” Polyclinic, in “San Miguel del Padrón” municipality, that had a newborn with a weight under 2 500 g from 1995 to 2004, was conducted.This group was the study sample. A control group of women with a weight over or equal to 2 500 g was selected at random.Statistical tests were applied to determine the relative risk of each factor. It was proved in this reasearch that smoking and vaginal sepsis due to trichomona and/or bacterial vaginitis are, among others, the antecedents and risks that more frequently contributed to this indicator in our health area. An incidence of obstetric history of 2 or more abortions, nulliparity and an intergenesic period of less than a year were also observed.

Keywords : Low birth weight infant; risk factors; primary health care; preventive medicine.

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