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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038


GALLARDO PEREZ, Ulises de Jesús; ZANGRONIS RUANO, Leonardo; CHIRINO CARRENO, Nelson  and  MENDOZA VELEZ, Leonardo. Knowledge and behaviors of the patients with diabetes mellitus in relation to the diabetic foot. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.1. ISSN 0864-2125.

The knowledge and behavior of the patients with diabetes mellitus in connection with the diabetic foot were identified. A qualitative study was conducted in 2 family physician's offices of "Hermanos Ruíz Aboy" Polyclinic of San Miguel del Padrón municipality. 4 focal groups were selected with a total of 28 participants aged 50-80 of both sexes. Most of the patients lacked knowledge to define the diabetic foot and its risk factors. The patients' self-care of their feet is insufficient and they assume risk conducts due to their deficient education. It is important to reinforce the educative component in the comprehensive attention of the patients with diabetes mellitus to raise their knowledge level, to create healthy habits and to prevent the appearance of diabetic foot. The focal group technique is a rapid and effective tool to obtain information.

Keywords : Diabetic foot; focal groups; family physician.

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