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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038


HERNANDEZ QUINONES, Sandra; NORIEGA BRAVO, Vivian; ECHEMENDIA CURSI, Bernardo  and  PONCE CARDENAS, Félix. Knowledges and practice on prevention and control of Aedes aegypti in a risk zone. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.1. ISSN 0864-2125.

INTRODUCTION: main change related to dengue desired to population is incorporation of protective behaviors to its lifestyle to decrease risk of Aedes aegypti mosquito development, appearance of disease, and consequently epidemics. AIMS: to characterize social and environmental risk factors influencing in Aedes aegypti breeding places; the railroad station risk zone of Popular Council of Sancti Spíritus municipality, as well as to identify knowledges and practices of population related to d vector prevention and control. METHODS: cross-sectional descriptive study in a sample by stratified conglomerates, whose stratification variable were Family Physician consulting room (7, 13 and 25 of south health area) selecting in a random way 305 surveyed. To study environmental situation, to identify knowledges in boys and girls from risk zone, ant to verify the intra- and peri-home environmental basic disinfection, we used quantitative and qualitative techniques of information gathering: focal group survey and observation-participant. RESULTS: there is a scarce knowledge related to prevention and control of Aedes aegypti, specifically in characterization of autofocus term, and vector communicable diseases. There are inappropriate practices in surveyed for mosquito control, particularly, in carrying out of actions to prevent the breeding places. CONCLUSIONS: in study risk zone there are environmental and social conditions allowing vector proliferation, denoting a low risk perception within population.

Keywords : Autofocus; risk zone; risk perception; Aedes aegypti breeding places; knowledges; practices.

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