Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral
On-line version ISSN 1561-3038
ALVAREZ CARMENATE, Marlene et al. Behavior of bronchiolitis in admitted patients. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.3, pp. 0-0. ISSN 1561-3038.
INTRODUCTION: bronchiolitis is a low respiratory acute disease provoking a high number of admissions in breast-fed babies. OBJECTIVE: to identify the behavior of the bronchiolitis to take decisions and to design administrative and health strategies, as well as institutional guidelines for the Emergence Service, related to the admission criteria and prevention of the more frequent modifiable risk factors present in these patients. METHODS: a cross-sectional, retrospective and descriptive study was conducted in 67 breast-fed children discharged and diagnosed with bronchiolitis during September, 2005, February, 2006 and February, 2007. The medical records from 70 breast-fed children were reviewed excluding three of them due to a lack of elements in the physical examination to classify the severity of the entity. RESULTS: fifty five patients were aged under 6 months (85%), 43 of male sex (64 %), and 54 of our cases (80 %) had a inappropriate breastfeeding, 44 children(66 %) had a history of family smokers, 49 of patients (73 %) were classified as moderate and severe according the severity of the entity. CONCLUSIONS: the 100 % of our patients had some risk factor of the disease, with predominance of an age under 6 months, male sex, inappropriate or lacking breastfeeding and a history of family smokers. As regards the severity of disease there was predominance of patients assessed as moderate.
Keywords : Bronchiolitis; breast-fed baby.