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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038


DE LA VEGA PAZITKOVA, Tatiana; PEREZ MARTINEZ, Víctor; ALERM GONZALEZ, Alina  and  LECHA ESTELA, Luis. The bronchial asthma and its association with the changes in the weather. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.4, pp.665-672. ISSN 0864-2125.

INTRODUCTION: the climate and the weather state influenced on the human health. The asthma is a psychosomatic disease which is a world health problem and it is known the influence of environmental factors on the appearance of bronchial asthma crises. OBJECTIVES: to determine the occurrence maximal peak of bronchial asthma crises in the Playa municipality relating it to the weather changes. METHODS: the total of persons daily seen in emergence services of the nine polyclinics of Playa municipality due to bronchial asthma was registered according to charge slips and reports from the analysis unit and municipal health trends from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2008. The datum obtained on the attendance of such patients was contrasted with the information offered by the bio-metereological forms maps. The frequency of cases by day and by month was registered in charts. For histogram intervals were created and the different polyclinics were located according the frequency intervals related to the attendance of patients to receive the health services. RESULTS: under conditions of atmospheric hyperoxia the daily occurrence of disease showed a value similar or higher to 150 % of the respective monthly mean thus evidencing a massive metereological-pathological response of study population. CONCLUSIONS: the meteorotropic effects associated with sudden weather changes may to provoke deleterious impacts on the human health.

Keywords : Asthma crises; time and health; bio-meteorological prognosis.

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