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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125


ESPINOSA MORALES, Madeline; ALAZALES JAVIQUE, Mercedes  and  GARCIA SOCARRAS, Ada Margarita. Intestinal parasitosis, its relation to environmental factors in children from the "Altos de Milagro", Maracaibo. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.3, pp.396-405. ISSN 0864-2125.

INTRODUCTION: The intestinal parasitism together with other transmissible and infectious disease is the reason by which many patients come to popular consulting rooms in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela including the predominance of children and adolescents due the poor hygienic health condition in the neighborhoods. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of some environmental factors present in parasitized children from the "Altos de Milgro Norte" Maracaibo, Zulia state, from December, 2008 to December, 2009. METHODS: A retrospective and descriptive study was conducted to determine the behavior of the intestinal parasitosis in children from that sector and its relation to some environmental factors using a survey carried out the author. RESULTS: Fifty six patients were cared, the 51.7 % was of male sex, this latter was the more parasitized with a 42.7 %, there was predominance of ages from 1 to 4 years with a 39.2 %, the inappropriate disposition of excretes was present in a 86.6 %, as well as the presence of vectors in a 94.6 % and 26 patients drank non-prepared water (57.8 %). CONCLUSIONS: There was high presence of disease where the male sex was the more involved; however, there was not significant differences with the female one and predominance of age group from 1 to 4 years. The high percentage obtained in study environmental factors showed that it was important in appearance, transmission and widespread of the parasitosis. Authors recommended designing programs of community interventions to avoid or to limit the appearance of these diseases.

Keywords : Intestinal parasitism; hygienic health condition; environmental factors conditioning.

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