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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125

Abstract

ESPIN FALCON, Julio César et al. About uterocervical cancer as an important public health problem. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.4, pp.735-746. ISSN 0864-2125.

Cancer represents an important health problem due to its high morbidity and mortality. It is one of the most complex processes of nature and the most complicated in medicine because of its multiple cause origin, the complexity of its pathogenic mechanisms and the variety of forms and types that may adopt in the subject alive. The objective of this paper was to provide useful and updated information on the uterocervical cancer. This disease is preventable and curable; it is related to the occurrence of cancer in the vagina, the uterine neck, the vulva and the anus. It has been proved that human papiloma virus infection is one of the risk factor for cancer in females. Two kinds of vaccine are marketed worldwide, and this is considered as one of the major advances in the modern preventive medicine. The administration of these prophylactic vaccines against the human papiloma could reduce the incidence and the mortality cause by uterocervical cancer, one of the diseases with high impact and repercussion on the female health, particularly in young females. It is considered an emerging disease and its human, social and economic consequences turn it into an important public health problem for mankind.

Keywords : uterocervical cancer; human papilloma virus; risk factors; prophylactic vaccine.

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