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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125


HERNANDEZ VAZQUEZ, Luis Manuel et al. Characterization of hypertensive patients older than 18 years from medical practice 3 at Ana Betancourt Polyclinic. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.1, pp.59-70. ISSN 0864-2125.

Introduction: hypertension is a multi-factorial disease that is a global health problem. Objective: to characterize the clinical and epidemiological features, the current status of hypertension in patients older than 18 years from the family medical practice number 3 at Ana Betancourt Polyclinic, in Playa municipality. Methods: 64 hypertensive patients were the sample. They underwent control queries and they answered a questionnaire exploring variables such as individual risk factors associated with the disease, co-morbidity, level of patient information about this illness, current antihypertensive treatment, its implementation and the level of control achieved by each patient. Results: hypertension was predominant in the elderly, in females (68.75%), in black race patients (60.93%), majored from junior high (34.37%), and no employment (54.69%). Obesity was the most common co-morbid disorder (28.13%). Family history of hypertension was identified (67,19%) as the individual risk factor that most influenced in this disease. 57.81% use a combination regimen of antihypertensive drugs, diuretics were the most used (71.88%). 42.19% broke the indicated treatment. The level of information about the disease was insufficient in 68.75%. Only 53.1% (n = 30) keeps their disease controlled. Conclusions: heredity was the main individual risk factor. A directly proportional relationship between the control of hypertension, medication compliance and patient level information about their disease was demonstrated.

Keywords : heredity; control; hypertension; direct relationship; treatment; information.

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