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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125


SAN GIL SUAREZ, Clara Irania; VILLAZAN MARTIN, Cristina  and  ORTEGA SAN GIL, Yunierka. Characterization of anemia during pregnancy and some associated risk factors in pregnant women at Regla municipality. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.1, pp.71-81. ISSN 0864-2125.

Introduction: anemia as a worlwide problem constitutes a general indicator of poor health. In Latin America anemia ferripriva affects vulnerable groups such as pregnant women. Cuba is not exempt from this lack of nutrition and its prevalence reaches 25% of pregnant women. Objective: to characterize anemia during gestation and its relationship with possible associated factors. Method: a study was conducted from September - November 2010, including 68 pregnant women that were in the beginning of their third trimester. Starting from gathering obstetric clinical history and from personal interviews, a survey was conducted to collect sociodemographic data and prior and current obstetric history. Samples of blood were taken to determine the hemoglobin levels. Results: a significant decrease of the hemoglobin mean values was observed during the first trimester (112 g/L) and the third (108 g/L) and a high frequency of anemia also during the first trimeter (35.3%) as in the third (56.0%), with a relatively higher moderate anemia. Anemia at the begining of the pregnancy resulted to be a risk factor (p=0.02) of the existence of anemia in the third trimester. Conclusions: in this study we report to the anemia like a problem of public health in the municipality it Regla. It was evidenced the magnitude and the grade of severity of the anemia in the studied gestantes and that the anemia to the beginning of the pregnancy can constitute a factor of important risk as cause of anemia.

Keywords : Anemia Ferripriva; Pregnancy; Nutrition; Iron.

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