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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125

Abstract

ALONSO REMEDIOS, Alaín et al. Risk Factors Impact on Target Organ Damage in Hypertensive Patients. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.1, pp.103-112. ISSN 0864-2125.

Introduction: hypertension is a risk factor for other diseases, which is not only determined by the blood pressure but by the emergence of other risk factors. Objective: to identify the relationship of the major risk factors to the occurrence of target organ damage in hypertensive clinic population at health area 5 in Rodas. Methods: a descriptive correlation study was performed. 324 patients who met the inclusion criteria were interviewed. Sex, age, skin color, nutritional status, cholesterol levels, triglycerides, glucose, and target organ damage were the variables analyzed. SPSS was used. The results are shown in tables. Results: there was a slight female predominance (51.9%), a proportional increase in blood pressure and patient age, predominance of white patients (75.9%). The population studied tend to be overweight (BMI of 26.9 Std Dev. 3.53 kg/m2) plus presenting cholesterol mean values of 5.08 1.05 Std Dev mmol / l triglycerides 0.84 2.09 Std Dev mmol / l, blood glucose was 5.5 mmol / l Std Dev 1.22 mmol / l. Increasing age, overweight, as well as blood glucose, cholesterol ,and triglycerides are associated with the appearance of target organ damage (Cramer V 0.21, 0.97, 0.92, 0.99; 0.94. all greater than the level of significance). Conclusions: risk factors found, mostly, increased the risk of target organ damage in the patients studied.

Keywords : hypertension; risk factors; target organ damage.

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