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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038


HERRERA-PEREZ, Dennis; SORIANO-MORENO, Anderson Nelver; RODRIGO-GALLARDO, Paola Katterine  and  TORO-HUAMANCHUMO, Carlos Jesus. Prevalence of Frailty Syndrome and Associated Factors in Elderly Adults. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2020, vol.36, n.2, e1098.  Epub July 01, 2020. ISSN 0864-2125.


In Latin America, the prevalence of frailty syndrome in non-institutionalized elderly adults aged 60 years and older ranges from 7.7 to 39.3%. In Peru, few studies have addressed this topic and its associated factors in similar populations.


To identify the prevalence of frailty and the associated factors in elderly adults from seven primary care centers.


Analytical and cross-sectional study whose outcome variable was the presence of frailty, according to the Fried criteria. We also included sociodemographic data (for occupation, the classifications of the Spanish Society of Epidemiology [SEE in Spanish] and the Spanish Society of Family and Community Medicine [SEMFyC in Spanish] were used), depression screening (using the Yesavage scale), degree of functionality (using the Barthel index), and comorbidities (using the Geriatric Index of Comorbidity and Greenfield’s severity index).


116 older adults were evaluated. The prevalence of frailty was 20.7%. The associated factors were having two or more illnesses (RPa=3.33; 95% CI: 1.04-10.68), having moderate depression (RPa=6.50; 95% CI: 2.52-16.75), and moderate dependence for performing daily-life activities (RPa=2.63; 95% CI: 2.63-14.15). Protective factors were having had a class III occupation (RPa=0.11; 95% CI: 0.02-0.54), class IV (RPa=0.07; 95% CI: 0.01-0.35), or class V (RPa=0.24; 95% CI: 0.09-0.60), and living with a relative (RPa=0.25; 95% CI: 0.08-0.74).


One in five elderly adults was frail. Depressive symptoms, having two or more comorbidities, and being dependent for daily-life activities were factors associated with frailty. On the other hand, working in non-managerial positions and living with a family member were protective factors.

Keywords : frailty; frail elderly; primary health care.

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