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Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral

Print version ISSN 0864-2125On-line version ISSN 1561-3038

Abstract

MEDINA CAMPANA, Carlos Enrique; MATOS RAMOS, Yisel Arletty  and  FONT PARRA, Deysi. Characterization of Suicide Attempt Patients from Pedro Díaz Coello Polyclinic in Holguin. Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr [online]. 2021, vol.37, n.3, e1493.  Epub Sep 01, 2021. ISSN 0864-2125.

Introduction:

Suicide is a public health concern, due to its high prevalence at the present time and the lack of implementation of adequate preventive strategies in a significant number of countries.

Objective:

To characterize suicide attempt patients from the health area of ​​Pedro Díaz Coello Polyclinic in Holguín.

Methods:

An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study was carried out in, the period 2015-2019, with a universe of 138 patients. The variables age, sex, school level, marital status, method used and risk factors were used.

Results:

A predominance was found in the number of patients between ten and twenty years of age (52.2%) as well as in the female sex (60%), while 57 patients (41.33%) had completed junior high school. Singles were the most prevalent, accounted for 80 (58%). Ingestion of tablets was the most used method, accounting for 92 patients (66.6%), of which the female sex had the highest number; however, in the male sex, the predominant method was hanging. As a risk factor, depression was the most prevalent, accounting for 40 (29%) patients.

Conclusions:

Female adolescents who had completed only junior high school used ingestion of tablets as a suicide attempt method and presented depression as the main risk factor.

Keywords : suicide; risk factors; primary health care.

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