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Educación Médica Superior

Print version ISSN 0864-2141On-line version ISSN 1561-2902


ASENCIO AGUEDO, Angélica et al. Critical and historical analysis of the quality of medical education in Peru. Educ Med Super [online]. 2019, vol.33, n.1, e1413.  Epub Sep 30, 2019. ISSN 0864-2141.


The policy of university higher education in Peru has been variable over time as well as its progress regarding the concept of quality in relation to other Latin American countries. This situation has worsened in the last decades due to policies aimed at making education profitable, generating companies with few rigid rules to guarantee the quality of education. Currently, Peru is carrying out a reform of university higher education, reformulating its bases and trying to build quality standards. It is in this scenario, that we make an analysis of the factors that influence the quality of medical education, considering health as a supreme good for all citizens and the achievement of quality as a shared responsibility between the State and universities.


To present a historical, analytical, critical and updated view on the most relevant aspects to be considered for the improvement of the professional training of physicians in Peru


A literature review was made in the MedLine / PubMed database, The Cochrane Library and Scielo. The descriptors used for the search were: medical education, quality, accreditation. The found articles were analyzed, making a synthesis of them.


This revision has permitted to identify the characteristics and challenges faced by higher medical education institutions to get the accreditation and ensure the quality of the professional training of doctors in Perú.

Keywords : Medical education; quality; licensing; accreditation.

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