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Educación Médica Superior

Print version ISSN 0864-2141On-line version ISSN 1561-2902


MORA KARAM, Claudia Marcela et al. The challenges of implementing team-based learning to the medical major programs. Educ Med Super [online]. 2020, vol.34, n.1, e1780.  Epub May 11, 2020. ISSN 0864-2141.


Team-based learning is a student-centered teaching and learning strategy, in which the teacher has the role of a facilitator. It constitutes an active learning pedagogical method that improves motivation towards learning and leads students to apply their knowledge to solve problems and combine theory with practice. Advances in medical education worldwide have led medical schools to opt for such strategies.


To identify the challenges of implementing team-based learning in the medical major programs.


Through the application of team-based learning to the medical major programs, such factors as work and study overloads were identified as having an impact on the strategy participants, together with the need to guarantee prior training to the process stakeholders, the importance of adequate distribution of the working groups, and the additional resources that must be guaranteed.


In order to obtain full pedagogical benefits, the implementation of team-based learning must be systematic, a process requiring training and preparation processes for both students and teachers. Like any change, it will demand conviction, time and adjustments throughout the process.

Keywords : active learning; team-based learning; critical thinking; motivation; teaching strategy; collaborative learning.

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