Revista Cubana de Oftalmología
version ISSN 0864-2176
MENDEZ SANCHEZ, Teresita de Jesús et al. Clinical method and surgery of acquired progressive myopic esotropia. Rev Cubana Oftalmol [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.2, pp. 345-355. ISSN 0864-2176.
Objective: To determine the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes in patients with acquired progressive myopic esotropia. Methods: A prospective study of nine patients referred to the Service of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus from September 2006 to December 2009 was conducted. It analyzed the following variables: age, refractive error, axial length, limited ocular movements, horizontal and vertical deviation before and after surgery. There were applied wide recessions of medial rectuses to resolve esotropia and several different variants to eliminate hypotropia. Results: The mean age of the sample was 44,3 years. In 67 % of patients, the disorder was bilateral. The mean axial length for the right eye was 28,1 mm and for the left eye was 29,7 mm. The mean preoperative horizontal angle of deviation was 74,4 diopters and the mean vertical deviation was 14,4 diopters. Orthotropy was achieved in 67 % horizontally and vertically, whereas 22 % was aesthetically acceptable and 11 % of cases resulted in residual horizontal and vertical strabismus. Conclusions: The wide recession of both medial rectuses resolved esotropia in 75 % of the patients. Yokoyama's technique did not achieve hypotropia correction in 25 % of the patients, whereas the lateral rectus supraposition technique was 100 % successful.
Keywords : Esotropia; high myopic; clinic; surgery.